3. Methods to improve the quality of planning


Nevertheless, in spite of all of these considerations, landscape is constantly being planned, taking into account existing laws.

To be able to do so, it gets more and more common to use a variety of methods that are thought to enhance our abilities to plan. What does this mean?

As planning deals with future events, a process can be planned if it can be forecasted.

To make it possible to plan events which are difficult to forecast, the forecasting has to be improved. This has been attempted/achieved so far with several different methods, for example:

All these ways of improving the possibility of planning lead to certain consequences:

If we try to define the impact of planning itself, this can most easily be done by discussing its limits. Planning tries to "optimize future actions", i.e. planning should make processes more effective.

Limiting or surrendering planning would also limit the effects of actions, as sub-ordinate actions could interfere or void each other. So at a certain point, we have to expect our actions to be less effective, if we limit planning.

But extending planning to areas which in fact can not be planned means that it will be necessary to limit the free choice of future actions.

This means, we have to decide from case to case whether planning leads to more effective results in the future or not.

But to decide this question, we have to rely on overriding values. So you have to bear in mind:

Nevertheless: we have to go into the future and we should place our trust merely in chance.

(4) Marquardt, K., Planung, in: Gutjahr-Löser, P./Hornung, K. (Hrsg.), Politisch-Pädagogisches Handwörterbuch, München 1980

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